• How “laissez faire” politics led to the monopolization of specific industries during the 19th Century and how monopolies impacted workers and consumers.
• How and why “robber barons” or “captains of industry” took risks and to what extent their enterprise impacted the distribution of wealth in American society.
• How and why labor unions formed during the 19th Century and to what extent their leadership bred opposition and results (e.g., Knights of Labor and Terrence Powderly, AFL and Samuel Gompers, American Railway Union and Eugene V. Debs, United Mine Workers and “Mother” Jones).
• How and to what extent various labor groups demonstrated and benefited from union tactics during the 19th Century (e.g., the Molly Maguires, the Railroad Strike of 1877, the Haymarket Affair, the Homestead Strike and the Pullman Strike).
• How Gilded Age entrepreneurs took risks to develop and monopolize industries and how their efforts impacted the economic development and cultural progress of the United States (e.g., John D. Rockefeller, Andrew Carnegie, J.P. Morgan).
• How “Captains of Industry” and Boss politicians defended the acquisition of wealth and power during the Gilded Age (e.g., Andrew Carnegie and “The Gospel of Wealth”, John D. Rockefeller, George Pullman, Plunkitt of Tammany Hall).
Union Pacific/Central Pacific = Transcontinental Railroad
Munn vs. Illinois
Thomas Edison (light bulb, phonograph, motion pictures, research lab)
Alexander Graham Bell (telephone)
Sherman Antitrust Act
National Labor Union
Knights of Labor
American Federation of Labor
Haymarket Square riot
American Railway Union
Railroad Strike 1877
Homestead Strike 1892
John D. Rockefeller
Gospel of Wealth
J. P. Morgan
robber barons/captains of industry
Guided Reading Expansion of Industry (starts page 832)
Guided Reading Big Business
Rise of Big Business worksheets
Guided Reading Creation of Monopolies
Guided Reading Labor Unions
Pullman Strike Activity
Homestead Strike Activity from Zinn (excellent)
Ethics in American History: Rise of Big Business
Labor & the Haymarket Affair
SHEG Haymarket Lesson
SHEG Pullman Strike Lesson
Example of a Yellow Dog Contract
Close reading activity of Gospel of Wealth
Outstanding information on tobacco, cigarette production, labor unrest, Knights of Labor, and a lame Durham strike
Questions for above
Photo analysis activity
Puget hop pickers photograph
Boiler room, sugar factory
coal breaker boys
photo analysis chart for above
Men Who Built America
Vanderbilt Viewing Guide
Rockefeller Viewing Guide
Episode 3 Carnegie
Episode 4 Carnegie part 2
Complete Viewing Guide