• To what extent Jacksonian Democracy benefited the “common man”. (Individual rights, due process, individual responsibility, equal justice under the law, private property rights)
• How politicians defended nationalism and compromise in terms of unity and national security (e.g., Andrew Jackson, Daniel Webster and Henry Clay). (Inalienable rights, property rights, federalism, individual responsibility)
• How, why, and to what extent executive, judicial and legislative decisions may have increased the power and authority of the federal government (the bank wars). (Structure of government, separation of powers with checks and balances, federalism, due process)
• How and to what extent international trade policies and diplomatic agreements, such as embargos, tariffs and treaties shaped the development of foreign policy as well as sectional interests within the United States (e.g.Treaty of Ghent and the Tariffs of 1816 and 1828).
• How continuous war and conflict between American Indians and the young republic as a result of territorial expansion and migration resulted in relocation and assimilation. (Private property rights)
• How political platforms, campaigns and elections impacted the distribution of power within the institutions of national government and between the states and nation (e.g., elections and campaigns of 1824, 1828 Whig, Free-Soil, Democratic and Republican platforms). (Structure of government, separation of powers with checks and balances, federalism, frequent and free elections in a representative government)
• How and why national economic panics originated and impacted the political, social and cultural development of the United States. (e.g., Panic of 1837,)
Early Industrial & Transportation Revolution (Yankee Ingenuity)
• How and to what extent the Industrial/Market Revolution impacted patterns of migration and settlement in the 19th Century.
• How and to what extent “the American System” impacted the economic, political and social development of the United States.
• To what extent the southern economy founded on the growth of cash crops and the slave labor of plantation societies promoted or suppressed economic opportunities for southerners.
• To what extent the northern economy founded on the commerce, shipping and manufacturing of urban communities promoted or suppressed economic opportunities for those groups migrating, immigrating and/or settling in the North.
• How the development of the American industrial sector, new innovations and the expansion of markets impacted regional economies before the Civil War.
• How the development of the American agricultural sector varied by region leading up to the Civil War (e.g., southern plantations, subsistence farms and western agriculture).
• How the 17th and early 18th century growth of cash crops, colonial land policies and indentured or enslaved labor led to the economic development of the plantation system and a landed gentry in the South.
• How, why and to what extent American innovation before the Civil War improved living conditions for Americans (e.g., indoor plumbing, vulcanized rubber, central heating, gas lighting, sewing machines, sewer systems and typewriter).
• How and to what extent the national government’s economic policy on behalf of a national bank and tariffs, contributed to sectional tension and state’s rights debates leading up to the Civil War. (Federalism)
• How and to what extent the Market/Industrial Revolution influenced various cultural groups (e.g., cottage industry v. factory system, American system and the Lowell system).
• How and why the late 18th century Industrial Revolution and emergence of new technologies began in Great Britain and the extent it impacted the economic development of the United States (e.g., coal powered steam engine, textile machines for spinning thread and weaving cloth and iron production).
• How the invention of the cotton gin impacted the institution of slavery, as well as the economic development of southern states and the nation.
• How the construction of the Erie Canal impacted the economic development and cultural progress of the United States.
• How and to what extent the mid19th century Industrial Revolution and emergence of new transportation and communication technologies impacted the economic development of the United States (e.g., national telegraph and railroad system, steamships and telephone
• How and why the northern emancipation of slaves and the southern “peculiar institution” of slavery affected the political and economic systems of the United States. (Federalism, equal justice under the law, rule of law, private property rights, individual rights as set forth in the Bill of Rights, individual responsibility, due process)
• How and to what extent economic change influenced the development of major social reform movements in the United States during the 19th Century. (Inalienable rights, equal justice under the law, private property rights, due process)
The Indian Removal Act 1830
Worcester v. Georgia, 1832 Trail of Tears
White man suffrage
Edgar Allen Poe
James Fennimore Cooper
Hudson River School of Artists
Alex de Tocqueville
1st Industrial Revolution
Panic of 1819
McCulloch v. Maryland, 1819
Election of 1824
Women’s suffrage movement/Seneca Falls Convention
Tariff of Abomination
South Carolina Nullification Crisis
South Carolina Exposition and Protest
Election of 1832
Election of 1840
Nat Turner’s Rebellion
Ralph Waldo Emerson
Henry David Thoreau
Elizabeth Cady Stanton
Seneca Falls Convention
Susan B. Anthony
Charles G. Finney
deVille's Digital Antebellum Quilt (website produced for Adventure of American Mind LOC fellowship)
deVille's WNC Collision of Cultures website - plenty of resources on Cherokee removal, Scots-Irish, slavery, lynching)
Second Great Awakening (National Humanities Center)
Missouri Compromise worksheet
Tariff and Nullification worksheet
Henry Clay & the Bank worksheet
States rights versus the Bank worksheet
Sheg Lesson on Indian Removal
Adapted Sheg Lesson with step-by-step turnkey instructions (uses two resources below)